Going green is today’s buzz word. The entire world is taking initiatives for a greener ecosystem. Gardeners are some of the keepers of this green movement. But are gardeners really making the environment green, with their continued intervention in the natural ecosystem?
Human intervention in natural vegetation is impacted heavily on the ecosystem and the environment. Knowingly or unknowingly we may be causing harm to environment just by doing our day to day jobs in the garden. These are the few practices which causes harm to the ecological system while gardening:
- Generally we spray pesticides to make our garden healthy and exorcise pests, insects or bugs. Pesticides are hazardous chemicals. Using chemicals in the garden can cause damage to environment. Pesticide sprayed in your garden travels to rivers, lakes, streams or water banks with the rain and contaminates the water. From there it enters the ecosystem through water bodies and causes permanent damage to the environment. Using chemicals in the garden also depletes the atmospheric layer, some chemicals mixes in the air and cause harmful effects. So the use of bug killers is harming your garden. The harmful chemicals in the pesticides not only kills the bugs but also kills a few friendly organisms of the garden.
- Gardeners use compost as an organic material to fertilize soil and enhance growth of plants. The use of peat in compost started in the mid 20th century. Due to the excessive use of peat in agricultural products, peats bogs are now listed as an endangered habitant. Many species live on the peat bogs and with the depletion of peat, these species are also becoming extinct. Moreover, processing of compost by using peat releases Carbon dioxide, which is a prime factor for global warming.
- Excessive use of fertilizer changes the ph value of the soil. During cultivation of the soil few good fungi also gets depleted which has adverse effect on the ecosystem. Enormous amounts of carbon dioxide is released in to the environment while tilling of soil leading to global warming.
Here are some suggestions for amateur gardeners to really be green:
- Avoid using commercial compost, buy a composter and make your own fertilizer at home with use of waste material like peels of vegetables, leftover food, cardboard, shredded paper, and tea leaf etc. This will be the most organic way of developing your garden without harming the ecosystem.
- Save peat bogs by avoiding fertilizers or gardening products made of peat. Look for other alternatives.
- Use plants in combinations so that they help in removing parasites, plant lavender near roses to get rid of aphids or marigolds near vegetable to avoid attack of greenfly and black fly. And young plants can be covered with net during night to prevent them from pests.
- Use drip system to water your garden, it will help to save water. Choose plants as per your climate and avoid the use of excess water and chemical fertilizers.
- Use unwanted or recyclable materials in the garden to go green.
- And avoid the use of plastic!